The extent to which the recommendations are followed up can significantly influence the impact of EITI implementation on extractive sector reforms. In many countries EITI Reports have been a useful diagnostic tool to highlight weaknesses in government systems.
Examples of recommendations from EITI Reports
Making data accessible.
Recommendations related to making data more available and/or accessible.
Improving government/company audit practices.
Recommendations related to strengthening government and/or company audit practices.
Improving extractive sector governance.
Recommendations focused on legislative, regulatory and administrative reforms.
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From recommendations to action in the Philippines
In the Philippines, the Mining Industry Coordinating Council, a high-level body tasked to implement reforms in the mining sector, has directed government agencies to develop concrete action plans based on EITI recommendations. The recommendations relate to improving the EITI process and natural resource governance, including giving local government units a clearer picture of how much they receive from extractive Companies and eliminating delays in transfers.
The goal should be transparency that translates to accountability and drives reform: the starting point towards that goal is to address gaps in existing systems that the report has identified.
Alessandra Gay Ordenes, The Philippines EITI National Coordinator
From recommendations to action in Ghana
EITI Reports in Ghana covering the years 2004 to 2011 revealed that extractive sector revenues earmarked for sharing between various national regulatory and oversight bodies, local government authorities, traditional land-owning authorities and communities affected by mining activities did not reach the intended beneficiaries. This was due to a misapplication of these funds, lack of proper accounting for and reporting of the use of these resources, and irregular transfers. Implementing recommendations on timely, regular and full transfers of the funds has resulted in increased accountability at subnational levels, dedicated accounts set up for local governments and guidelines developed by the Minerals Commission for the use of mineral revenues at subnational levels.
Many of the present reforms in the Nigerian oil sector – including the discontinuation of the oil swap arrangements, the review of fuel subsidies, the restructuring of the national oil company, the review of contracts and the management of the joint ventures – are recommendations from the NEITI reports. As well as the recovery of USD 2.4bn of unpaid taxes and royalties, NEITI’s operations are on course to save Nigerians tens of billions of dollars through better management of the oil and gas sector.
Orji Ogbonnaya Orji, Acting Executive Secretary Nigeria EITI