Ghana’s 2010-11 EITI Oil and Gas Report identified gaps in the existing legal and fiscal regime, leading to lack of payments of capital gains tax by oil companies.
In many countries, the most important impacts of EITI have come about because governments have decided to implement recommendations that have emerged from EITI reporting. Experiences in countries suggest that the nature of the recommendations in EITI Reports and the extent to which the EITI multi-stakeholder group and the government follow up on the recommendations significantly influence the impact of the EITI. In some countries, EITI Reports have been a useful diagnostic tool highlighting weaknesses in government systems. In other cases, EITI Reports have made recommendations aimed at addressing such weaknesses and improving sector management, and are thus making an important potential contribution to policy reform and change. However, in many countries, recommendations are still mostly focused on improving technical aspects of the EITI reporting process such as reporting templates or data collection for EITI Reports rather than improving e.g. extractive sector legislation or tax collection systems. Additionally, the lack of implementation of recommendations has contributed to lost opportunities for impacts and reform.
This page includes short case studies of how EITI reporting has highlighted shortcomings in government systems, and recommended actions for improvements. It shows the impacts that have come about in countries that have acted upon these recommendations, and highlights the importance of considering EITI recommendations in the countries that have not yet done so.
Burkina Faso’s 2012 EITI Report identified an agreement between the government and a mining company which was not entered into in accordance with the laws and regulations governing the sector.
Peru’s 2008-2010 EITI Report found inconsistencies in government records of license owners and the respective annual license payments.
Myanmar’s 2013-14 EITI Report documented that state-owned companies retain considerable amounts of revenue from the extractive sector.
Liberia’s EITI Beneficial Ownership Report found that the government records on the beneficial owners of companies operating in Liberia were not up to date.
Mongolia’s 2013 EITI Report documented considerable confusion about the government’s policy on contract transparency.
Albania’s 2013-14 EITI Report revealed outdated information on oil and mineral reserves.
Zambia’s 2012 EITI Report documented lack of monitoring of production data declared by the companies.
Togo’s 2012 EITI Report revealed lack of control and monitoring of mineral exports.
Indonesia’s 2010-11 EITI Report documented weaknesses in recordkeeping related to payments of royalties and Sales Revenue Share (PHT*) by mining companies, affecting revenue sharing with provinces.
Trinidad and Tobago’s 2010-11 EITI Report identified incomplete reporting on in-kind revenues paid by companies to state owned enterprises (SOEs), and the revenue received by the SOEs from the sale of these commodities.
Nigeria’s 2012 EITI Oil & Gas Report identified issues with the management of oil transported via pipelines.
The 2010 EITI Report from the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) documented lack of transparency around a joint venture agreement between a group of Chinese and Congolese companies.
Senegal´s 2013 EITI Report shows challenges with record keeping by subnational governments.
Nigeria´s EITI audits highlight delays and inconsistencies in transfers of money between the state-owned enterprise, the Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), and the government.
Chad´s 2007-2009 EITI Report identified major gaps in the monitoring of payments by oil companies to the state treasury account.
The Philippines’ 2012 EITI Report found that local governments were not able to quantify how much they receive from the extractive companies.
Ghana’s 2004-2011 EITI mining reports documented misapplication of extractive revenue by local authorities and a lack of proper accounting and reporting on the use of these funds.
NEITI audits have over the years provided insights to how the state-owned enterprise (SOE) has funded fuel subsidies, paid military expenses and built infrastructure.
Cameroon’s 2013 EITI Report illustrates challenges in monitoring companies’ social obligations.
Afghanistan 2012-13 EITI Report provides insights about the artisanal and small-scale mining sector and suggests that there is unclear information about its actual contribution to the economy.